By Michael LaBossiere
30 Fallacies is a better half publication for forty two Fallacies. forty two Fallacies isn't really, notwithstanding, required to take advantage of this e-book. It offers concise descriptions and examples of thirty universal casual fallacies.
Accent, Fallacy of
Accident, Fallacy of
Amphiboly, Fallacy of
Appeal to Envy
Appeal to crew Identity
Appeal to Guilt
Appeal to Silence
Appeal to Vanity/Elitism
Argumentum advert Hitlerum
Confusing motives and Excuses
Cum Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc
Equivocation, Fallacy of
Moving the target Posts
Overconfident Inference from Unknown Statistics
Positive advert Hominem
Proving X, Concluding Y
Reification, Fallacy of
Texas Sharpshooter Fallacy
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Extra info for 30 More Fallacies
You know that the Nazis were for national health care. They also killed all those people in the death camps. ” Ricardo: “I watch the History Channel, so yeah, I know. ” Complex Question Description: This fallacy is committed by attempting to support a claim by presenting a question that rests on one or more unwarranted assumptions. The fallacy has the following form: 1) Question Q is asked which rests on assumption (or assumptions) A. 2) Therefore A is true. This version of the fallacy is similar to begging the question in that what is in need of proof is assumed rather than properly established.
As a final point, there are far more fallacies than are listed in this book (or any book). So, just because something does not match a named fallacy, it might still be a fallacy (or it might not). Examples Example of a Valid Deductive Argument Premise 1: If Bill is a cat, then Bill is a mammal. Premise 2: Bill is a cat. Conclusion: Bill is a mammal. Example of a Strong Inductive Argument Premise 1: Most American cats are domestic house cats. Premise 2: Bill is an American cat. Conclusion: Bill is domestic house cat.
Naturally, the mate intended that the reader would take this emphasis as an indication that the event was unusual enough to be noted in the log and thus infer that the captain was drunk on all the other days. Obviously, to believe that conclusion would be to fall victim to the fallacy of accent. ” Ted: “But you love Jennifer and have all her movies. ” Sally: “I’ll do exactly what she said. ” Sally: “Not at all. ” Example #2 Dr. ” Stephen: “Hey, Bob! Dr. ’” Bob: “In that case, I’m going to buy it.
30 More Fallacies by Michael LaBossiere