By Yi Wang
This publication offers a accomplished review of the evolution of Beijing’s city constitution within the twentieth century, reading crucial social and monetary adjustments within the housing quarter. targeting the city adjustments that came about less than the industry financial system after 1978 and past, the ebook addresses the demolition of courtyard homes in Beijing’s previous urban, the relocation of low-income households from the previous urban, the government’s function concerning housing within the urban, and home segregation in Beijing. increasing at the author’s PhD thesis on the college of Cambridge, it truly is illustrated with a wealth of ancient images and maps of Beijing. providing correct descriptions, broad literature and case reports, the e-book deals a important source for college kids and students of structure, city experiences and chinese language stories. First released in 2013 via speed in Hong Kong, it has seeing that been additional to the libraries of many distinct universities, together with Harvard, MIT, Princeton, Columbia, Yale, Stanford, Cornell, U Penn, NYU, UC Berkeley, Hong Kong collage, UBC in Canada and the collage of Witwatersrand in South Africa.
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Additional info for A Century of Change: Beijing's Urban Structure in the 20th Century
In this plan, the city was identiﬁed as a political centre as well as a cultural one. In 1991, the municipal government, based on the 1981 plan, produced a new plan for the city: The Master Plan of Beijing (1991– 2010). It was approved by the State Council of China in 1993. This plan set a new goal: to rebuild Beijing as a modern international city. It placed great emphasis on the development of high-tech and tertiary industries in the city, and promoted a trend toward suburbanization to fulﬁl the decentralization of the population (Lu 10 Reforms and opening-up: In December 1978, the Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China decided to shift the focus of the Party's work to economic development and set a policy of reform and opening-up to the outside world.
Source Edited by author based on data from EBHUCB (1986: 14) later years of Kublai Khan’s rule, the city was inhabited by 100,000 households, that is, by about 500,000 people. Fourth, the street system of Dadu was laid out in a chessboard pattern, comprised of rectangular blocks. The main streets led to the eleven city gates, and between them were the lanes (hutong, in Chinese). The breadth of the main streets was 25 m, while that of the narrow hutongs was 6–7 m. The space between the hutongs was 60 m, which was large enough for a large-sized dwelling compound with three courtyards.
In the 1958 master plan, the municipal government set itself a target of redeveloping the old city proper within 10 years. 1 The old houses that were dismantled in Beijing’s old city proper during 1949–1976 Socioeconomic background Year Period of economic recovery at the early 1949–1955 stage of the People’s Republic of China Late period of the “First Five-year Plan” and 1956–1959 the period of the “Great Leap Forward”, many new administrative buildings were built in the old city proper Period of economic readjustment 1960–1965 Period of the “Great Culture Revolution”, 1966–1976 many courtyard houses began to decline Source Made by author based on data from Ping (1999) Old houses dismantled (1000 m2) Average dismantled (1000 m2/year) 296 42 1065 266 448 748 75 68 Fig.
A Century of Change: Beijing's Urban Structure in the 20th Century by Yi Wang