By Richard Barras
This two-volume e-book explores how the nice structures of britain endure witness to 1000 years of the nation’s background. In all ages, funding in iconic structures reaches a climax while the present mode of construction is working so much successfully, surplus wealth is so much abundant, and the dominant category principles superb. in the course of such sessions of balance and prosperity, the call for for brand spanking new constructions is robust, structural and stylistic techniques abound, and there's fierce pageant to construct for lasting popularity. every one such climax produces a different classic of hegemonic structures which are monuments to the wealth and tool of these who governed their international.
This moment quantity offers 3 case stories of iconic development funding from the eighteenth century to the current day. through the eighteenth century the wealth of the nice landed estates funded the golden age of nation apartment construction through aristocracy and gentry. throughout the 19th century the economic Revolution unleashed an exceptional wave of infrastructure funding and civic construction by means of the ascendant capitalist category. because the past due 20th century the facility of worldwide monetary capital has been symbolized by means of the relentless upward thrust of urban centre place of work towers. a last bankruptcy argues that those diversified sorts of hegemonic development are a actual manifestation of the underlying rhythm of English history.
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Additional info for A Wealth of Buildings: Marking the Rhythm of English History: Volume II: 1688–Present
Though he apparently spoke little English, the new king embraced the privileges of constitutional monarchy with enthu- 6 A Wealth of Buildings: Marking the Rhythm of English History siasm, being comforted by no less than three German mistresses while his wife remained in prison at home on a charge of adultery (Williams 1960: 152). Despite the tenuous Hanoverian claim to the throne, George founded a fertile and resilient dynasty. Having rebranded itself in 1917 as the House of Windsor, in response to wartime anti-German sentiment, the family has retained a firm grip on the crown to this day, and looks set to do so for the foreseeable future.
When the British and Prussian armies won final victory over the French at Waterloo in 1815, Britain had triumphed because of the willingness of its propertied classes to bear the tax burden necessary to preserve Europe’s established social and political order. Victory delivered considerable spoils. The nation was now unchallenged as the world’s greatest military and economic power, and was assembling a second colonial empire across the globe to compensate for the loss of its American colonies (Hyam 2002).
Most spectacular was the wealth accumulated by men involved in colonial trade and imperial war. Robert Clive, commander of the East India Company forces which conquered Bengal, returned to England in 1760 boasting a fortune of £300,000 and an annual income of £28,000 (Lawson 1993: 94). Samuel Fludyer, a cloth trader with contracts in North America during the Seven Years War, died in 1768 reputedly worth £900,000. Alderman William Beckford, who owned no less than 13 West Indian sugar plantations and some 3000 slaves, was thought to be the first business millionaire in British history when he died in 1770 (White 2012:166).
A Wealth of Buildings: Marking the Rhythm of English History: Volume II: 1688–Present by Richard Barras