By Meyer Fortes
AFRICAN POLITICAL structures by means of Fortes, Meyer CONTENTS: EDITORS' observe. PREFACE. Professor A. R. Radcliffe-Brown, M.A. (Cantab.), Emeritus Professor of Social Anthropology within the collage of Oxford creation. Dr. M. Fortes and Professor E. E. Evans-Pntchard goals of this e-book. A consultant pattern of African. Societies. Political Philosophy and Comparative Politics. the 2 different types of Political method Studied. Kinship in Political association. The impact of Demography. The effect of Mode of Livelihood. Composite Political platforms and the Conquest conception. The Territorial point. The stability of Forces within the Political method, The occurrence and serve as of Organised strength. variations in line with eu Rule. the paranormal Values linked to Political workplace. the matter of the bounds of the Political workforce. the dominion OF THE ZULU OF SOUTH AFRICA. Max Gluckman. B.A. (How.) (Witwatersrand), D.Phil. (Oxon). Professor of Social Anthropology within the college of Manchester historic advent. The Zulu King and the nation. prestige and Political strength. The Tribes in the country, Sanctions on Authority and the soundness of the country. the folk and their Leaders. The interval of eu Rule. end. THE POLITICAL association OF THE NGWATO OF BECHUANALAND PROTECTORATE. /. Schapera, M.A, (Cape town), Ph.D., D.Sc.(London), F.R.S.S.Af. Professor of Social Anthropology within the collage of Cape toton Ethnic Composition and Territorial structure. the executive procedure. Powers and Authority of the executive. Rights and tasks of Chieftainship. THE POLITICAL procedure OF THE BEMBA TRIBE NORTHEASTERN RHODESIA. Audrey I. Richards, M.A«(Cantab\ Ph.D.(London). Reader in Social Anthropology on the London university of Economics and Political technology, college of London 83Bantu Political association a few normal beneficial properties The Bemba Tribe: Tribal Composition Social Grouping Kinship neighborhood Grouping Rank different rules of Social Grouping fiscal heritage White management. Bases of Authority: The Dogma of Descent criminal ideas of Descent and Succession. services and Prerogatives of Authority: The Headman the manager. The equipment of presidency: Administrative army Judicial Advisory, the mixing of the Tribe. Post-European alterations: New experts brought results of the 1929 Ordinances. the dominion OF ANKOLE IN UGANDA ok. Oberg, A.M., Ph.D.(Chicago)t Escola Livre de Sociologia e Politica, SSo Paulo, Brazil conventional and historic history. Political prestige, the King and the Royal Kraal. Tribute. The Cult of Bagyendanwa. Succession. end.
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Cultural diversity is most marked among the Banyankole and Kede, but it is also clear among the Ngwato. We may, therefore, ask to what extent cultural heterogeneity in a society is correlated with an administrative system and central authority. The [evidence at our disposal in this book suggests that cultural and economic heterogeneity is associated with a state-like political^ structure. Centralized authority and an administrative organization seem to be necessary to accommodate culturally diverse groups within a single political system, especially if they have different modes of livelihood.
Function of ritual ideology in political organization in Africa clearly illustrater this. Mystical values are attached to political Bemba, the Banyankole, the Kede, and the symbols and institutions in which these values very different in four all societies. A office among the Tallensi, but the are expressed are comparative study of systems has to be on an abstract plane where social processes are stripped of their cultural idiom and are reduced to political functional terms. The structural similarities which disparity of culture conceals are then laid bare and structural dissimilarities are revealed behind a screen of cultural uniformity.
Each homestead had its own fields and cattlefold. A demographic survey would show the homesteads scattered at some distance apart (a few hundred yards to a mile c^^ two) along the hills which, intersected by deep bush-filled valleys, characterized the interior of Zululand. The fields were mostly relatives stretch of country occupied ; and \vomen with the same clan-name could not marry one another. No formed in the period since the clans ceased to be local, political units, as in the past a chief desiring to marry a woman of his clan would split off her lineage and make of it a separate clan.
African Political Systems by Meyer Fortes