By Joseph H. Woodward II, James R. Bennett
The normal resource on the entire furnaces that made Alabama across the world major within the iron and metal industry.This paintings is the 1st and is still the single resource of knowledge on all blast furnaces equipped and operated in Alabama, from the 1st identified charcoal furnace of 1815 (Cedar Creek Furnace in Franklin County) to the coke-fired giants equipped ahead of the onset of the nice melancholy. Woodward surveys the iron from the early, small neighborhood marketplace furnaces in the course of the upward push of the iron in aid of the accomplice warfare attempt, to the large across the world vital that constructed within the Nineties. the majority of the e-book includes person illustrated histories of all blast furnaces ever developed and operated within the kingdom? furnaces that went into creation and 4 that have been equipped yet by no means went into blast. Written to supply a checklist of each blast furnace inbuilt Alabama from 1815 to 1940, this booklet used to be commonly acclaimed and this present day is still essentially the most quoted references at the iron and metal undefined.
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Extra info for Alabama Blast Furnaces (Library Alabama Classics)
The ore used here (red hematite) was from Dirtseller Mountain, 3 miles away and was hauled to the stock house bank in two wheel carts. The ore was broken up into small pieces by slaves using sledge hammers. The charcoal was burned in the surrounding forests. The entire output of this plant was contracted for by the Nitre and Mining Bureau of the Confederate States and most of it went to the foundry of the Nobles in Rome. Complete batteries were constructed here-cannon, carriage, and caisson. The Cornwall furnace produced from 5 to 8 tons a day and small as that appears, it was considered a fair average for that time.
The remaining four furnaces in Bessemer were operated fairly regularly until completion of the two furnaces in Fairfield during 1928. In the following year Bessemer No. 1 and No. 4 (Robertstown Furnaces) were dismantled in 1935. _ BIBB FURNACES (Known also as Brierfield, Strother, and Bibb Naval Furnaces) Bibb County, near Brierfield No. 1-1861 No. 2-1863 THE State of Alabama seceded from the Union on Jan. 11, 1861 and during the turbulence and confusion of this same year, Bibb County's second blast furnace was constructed under the leadership of C.
The plant, of necessity, had to be as nearly selfsupporting as possible and consisted of a forge, saw-mill and grist-mill. The furnace was of the conventional style, a frustum of a pyramid, the base approximately 30' x 30', the top 25' x 25' and height 25'. Superimposed was a brick draft stack about 25' high making an overall "height of about 50'. The stack was built of hand hewn stone and lined with hand made brick of local clay. From the evidence of other early iron-makers it is safe to assume that a major portion of the work was performed by slaves.
Alabama Blast Furnaces (Library Alabama Classics) by Joseph H. Woodward II, James R. Bennett