By Michael Clark
Lionel de Rothschild's hard-fought access into Parliament in 1858 marked the emancipation of Jews in Britain--the symbolic end of Jews' crusade for equivalent rights and their inclusion as voters after centuries of discrimination. Jewish lifestyles entered a brand new section: the post-emancipation period. yet what did this suggest for the Jewish group and their interactions with wider society? and the way did Britain's country and society react to its most modern voters? Emancipation was once ambiguous. attractiveness carried expectancies, in addition to possibilities. Integrating into British society required alterations to conventional Jewish identification, simply because it additionally widened conceptions of Britishness. Many Jews willingly embraced their setting and shaped a distinct Jewish life: blending in all degrees of society; experiencing financial good fortune; and establishing and translating its religion alongside Anglican grounds. besides the fact that, in contrast to many different eu Jews, Anglo-Jews stayed dependable to their religion. Conversion and outmarriage remained infrequent, and connections have been maintained with overseas family. The neighborhood was once even keen every now and then to put its Jewish and English identification in clash, as occurred throughout the 1876-8 jap Crisis--which provoked the 1st episode of recent antisemitism in Britain. the character of Jewish life in Britain was once doubtful and constructing within the post-emancipation period. Focusing upon inter-linked case stories of Anglo-Jewry's political job, inner executive, and non secular improvement, Michael Clark explores the dilemmas of id and inter-faith family members that faced the minority in past due nineteenth-century Britain. This was once a very important interval within which the Anglo-Jewish neighborhood formed the root of its sleek life, while the British country explored the boundaries of its toleration.
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Additional resources for Albion and Jerusalem: The Anglo-Jewish Community in the Post-Emancipation Era
The Emancipation of Catholics, Jews and Protestants: Minorities and the Nation State in Nineteenth Century Europe (Manchester, 1999), 36. ⁹³ Endelman, ‘English Jewish History’, 104. ⁹⁴ Sorkin, ‘Port Jews’, 40. ⁹⁵ C. Bermant, The Cousinhood: The Anglo-Jewish Gentry (New York, 1971). 20 Albion and Jerusalem Anglo-Jewry’s transition to modernity; publicly negotiating the terms of Jewish life, they pioneered trends of acculturation and provide the researcher with the most articulate example of Jewish identity.
The main concern of this movement was to acclimatize Judaism. The most Anglicized of Jews, they sought a form of faith more compatible with their upper and middle-class British perceptions. There was little ideological underpinning to these alterations. ⁶⁴ Some historians have speculated that the motivation for the breakaway was, however, inspired by the German model. ⁶⁵ Most historians, though, dismiss causative links with Germany. Religiously, the two were very different. ⁶⁶ Reform in Britain was much more conservative.
Chapter 2 investigates Jewish Members of Parliament. These individuals exercised the privilege that had come to represent Jewish equality and did so in the most British of environments, where their responsibilities to the community were ambiguous. Jewish MPs were at the forefront of realizing equality; their political decisions at party, local, national, and international level had wide repercussions upon Anglo-Jewry’s identity and its perception by others. Chapter 3’s focus is upon internal communal government, in particular the activities and operation of the Board of Deputies of British Jews.
Albion and Jerusalem: The Anglo-Jewish Community in the Post-Emancipation Era by Michael Clark