By Ammonius, David A. Blank
Aristotle's On Interpretation, the centrepiece of his common sense, examines the connection among conflicting pairs of statements. the 1st 8 chapters, analysed during this quantity, clarify what statements are, ranging from their easy elements - the phrases - and dealing as much as the nature of hostile affirmations and negations.
Ammonius, who in his potential as Professor at Alexandria from round advert 470 taught just about all the nice sixth-century commentators, left simply this one statement in his personal identify, even supposing his lectures on different works of Aristotle were written up through his scholars, who incorporated Philoponus and Asclepius. His rules on Aristotle's On Interpretation were derived from his personal instructor, Proclus, and partially from the nice misplaced observation of Porphyry. the 2 most crucial extant commentaries on On Interpretation, of which this is often one (the different being by way of Boethius) either draw on Porphyry's paintings, which might be to some degree reconstructed for them
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Additional info for Ammonius : on Aristotle on interpretation 1-8
A horse], although in the phrase ‘kalos hippos’ it happens to signify it, nor in ‘epaktrokelês’, which is the name of a piratical boat, does ‘kelês’, nor in any other such name. ). Also in the case of ‘Kallippos’, therefore, since it indicates the simple thought of the man whose name this is, it is clear that ‘(h)ippos’, when taken as a part of it, does not have the same force as when it is said by itself. Said by itself as a name, ‘hippos’ signifies this sort of animal. But when it is taken as part of ‘Kallippos’, then, broken off from its proper whole, it becomes a dead thing as far as signifying is concerned, no different from the totally meaningless syllables which are the parts of simple names, as in the case of ‘Platon’ or ‘Dion’, with this one exception, that the parts of simple names do not even have the appearance of being significant by themselves, while those of compounds give an impression of signifying, which Aristotle called ‘wanting
G. 145 Thereby he decided to count ‘pale’ among the verbs not according to the usual definition of verbs,146 but according to the definition which directs that any vocal sound which forms a predicate in a proposition be called a verb. 149 The answer is that it is not the verbs themselves on their own which signify truth or falsity, but the combination of such verbs with the names of the persons of which they are said. e. g. in the case of ‘it’s raining’ or ‘it’s thundering’,
E. truth and falsity] are observed with respect to the thoughts, which are causes of the vocal sounds. In fact, some of these
Ammonius : on Aristotle on interpretation 1-8 by Ammonius, David A. Blank