By Ammonius, David A. Blank

ISBN-10: 0715626574

ISBN-13: 9780715626573

ISBN-10: 1306723914

ISBN-13: 9781306723916

ISBN-10: 1472501845

ISBN-13: 9781472501844

ISBN-10: 1472558448

ISBN-13: 9781472558442

Aristotle's On Interpretation, the centrepiece of his common sense, examines the connection among conflicting pairs of statements. the 1st 8 chapters, analysed during this quantity, clarify what statements are, ranging from their easy elements - the phrases - and dealing as much as the nature of hostile affirmations and negations.
Ammonius, who in his potential as Professor at Alexandria from round advert 470 taught just about all the nice sixth-century commentators, left simply this one statement in his personal identify, even supposing his lectures on different works of Aristotle were written up through his scholars, who incorporated Philoponus and Asclepius. His rules on Aristotle's On Interpretation were derived from his personal instructor, Proclus, and partially from the nice misplaced observation of Porphyry. the 2 most crucial extant commentaries on On Interpretation, of which this is often one (the different being by way of Boethius) either draw on Porphyry's paintings, which might be to some degree reconstructed for them

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Example text

A horse], although in the phrase ‘kalos hippos’ it happens to signify it, nor in ‘epaktrokelês’, which is the name of a piratical boat, does ‘kelês’, nor in any other such name. ). Also in the case of ‘Kallippos’, therefore, since it indicates the simple thought of the man whose name this is, it is clear that ‘(h)ippos’, when taken as a part of it, does not have the same force as when it is said by itself. Said by itself as a name, ‘hippos’ signifies this sort of animal. But when it is taken as part of ‘Kallippos’, then, broken off from its proper whole, it becomes a dead thing as far as signifying is concerned, no different from the totally meaningless syllables which are the parts of simple names, as in the case of ‘Platon’ or ‘Dion’, with this one exception, that the parts of simple names do not even have the appearance of being significant by themselves, while those of compounds give an impression of signifying, which Aristotle called ‘wanting ’, but they do not Translation 43 actually accomplish this.

G. 145 Thereby he decided to count ‘pale’ among the verbs not according to the usual definition of verbs,146 but according to the definition which directs that any vocal sound which forms a predicate in a proposition be called a verb. 149 The answer is that it is not the verbs themselves on their own which signify truth or falsity, but the combination of such verbs with the names of the persons of which they are said. e. g. in the case of ‘it’s raining’ or ‘it’s thundering’, ‘Zeus’ – so that here too there is the whole sentence consisting of verb and the name understood in addition to it, and which receives truth or falsity: ‘I walk’ (egô peripatô), ‘you walk’ (su peripateis), ‘Zeus is raining’ (ho Zeus huei).

E. truth and falsity] are observed with respect to the thoughts, which are causes of the vocal sounds. In fact, some of these are simple, signified by simple vocal sounds and admitting neither truth nor falsity, while the compound ones are concerned with compound things [or: states of affairs (pragmata)], signified by compounded vocal sounds and admitting falsity and truth. e. e. truth and falsity] before giving the definitions of name and verb. Actually, since he proposed to consider falsity and truth primarily in this book, he had to teach us right from the preface what admits each of these and what is naturally such as to admit neither of them and, having reminded us that one thing is found in compound vocal sounds and another in simple vocal sounds, he had to go on to divide the simple vocal sounds, which do not admit falsity or truth, into name and verb, and the vocal sounds compounded from them, which are always either true or false (that is to say, those vocal sounds which are in the assertoric sentence), into their proper species in turn, viz.

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Ammonius : on Aristotle on interpretation 1-8 by Ammonius, David A. Blank


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