By Paul A. Rees
This ebook is meant as an introductory textual content for college kids learning quite a lot of classes fascinated about animal administration, zoo biology and natural world conservation, and will even be valuable to zookeepers and different zoo pros. it really is divided into 3 components. half 1 considers the functionality of zoos, their background, how zoos are controlled, ethics, zoo laws and flora and fauna conservation legislations. half 2 discusses the layout of zoos and zoo indicates, animal meals, replica, animal behaviour (including enrichment and training), animal welfare, veterinary care, animal dealing with and transportation. ultimately, half three discusses captive breeding programmes, genetics, inhabitants biology, checklist retaining, and the academic position of zoos, together with a attention of customer behaviour. It concludes with a dialogue of the position of zoos within the conservation of species within the wild and in species reintroductions. This e-book takes a world viewpoint and contains a wide variety of examples of the operation of zoos and breeding programmes fairly within the united kingdom, Europe, North the US and Australasia.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Zoo Biology and Management
1 The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 27 The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) was founded in 1895. Its purpose is to provide and regulate a uniform system of zoological nomenclature to ensure that every animal has a unique and universally accepted scientific name. This is an important task because more than 2000 new genus names and 15,000 new species names are added to the zoological literature every year. The Commission publishes the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature which contains the universally accepted rules for allocating scientific names to animals.
In England, about 1100, Henry I had a menagerie at Woodstock that contained lions, leopards, lynx, camels and a rare owl. This was later moved to the Tower of London, probably by Henry III. In 1251 Henry III received a polar bear that was allowed to fish in the River Thames. Three years later he received an elephant from the King of France, Louis IX. The elephant was the first in England and was put on display to the public. In medieval Europe royalty and nobility often kept animals in deer parks.
The earliest wild animal keeping may have occurred for religious reasons. The Egyptians regarded many animal species as sacred – including hippopotamuses, owls and crocodiles – and often kept them in temples. Tame lions were kept by pharaohs and some animals were mummified. There was an ancient zoo at Alexandria, founded by Ptolemy Philadelphus, but little is known about it. There is earlier evidence suggesting a close association between people and wild animals in Egypt. A double bird-shaped slate palette dated from before 3100 BC is decorated with relief carvings of a man and three ostriches.
An Introduction to Zoo Biology and Management by Paul A. Rees